Types of Roaches
There are several different types of cockroach around the world, but the roaches most likely to be found in your home are one of these five:
- American cockroach: The largest and most common roach, the American cockroach is between 1″ and 1.5″ in length, with a yellow band across its back. The females can lay up to 40 eggs a week.
- Asian cockroach: These roaches most commonly enter the home at night by flying in through open doors or windows.
- German cockroach: Similar to the Asian cockroach, these roaches are highly difficult to get rid of. They enter the home by being carried in on your clothing or luggage, and a single female can produce 40 babies a week.
- Oriental cockroach: A deep black in color, oriental cockroaches are slightly smaller than American cockroaches and prefer damp areas. They are commonly found in basements and bathrooms.
- Smokey brown cockroach: Related to the American cockroach, the smokey brown is smaller than its relative and dark brown. These roaches have wings that are longer than their bodies.
No matter what type of roach is invading your home, there are health risks you have to worry about. Roaches live near food and sewage, making it easy for them to spread bacterial diseases, not to mention the fact that roaches can carry parasites. Be sure to act on a roach problem as soon as you notice it, for your health and the health of those around you.
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Roach Extermination Treatments
Eradicating cockroaches isn’t always a quick fix; it is often a difficult and time-consuming process. Different roaches require different treatment methods, with some exterminators combining multiple methods to get the job done.
Some of the most common treatment methods are bait stations (also referred to as roach hotels), boric acid, gel bait, and glue traps. Chemical sprays and fogs are also used, but do not always kill the eggs, meaning that a new batch of roaches could be filling your home in as little as a few days. Poisons that absorb into the legs of the roaches, spreading to the rest of the colony are more effective, but can take over a week to for you to see results. It is common for cockroach treatments to take as long as a month to fully remove the pests from your home, which includes follow-up extermination visits.
The most important aspect of cockroach extermination is thoroughness. Just because you only see a single roach doesn’t mean there aren’t more, and just a few can quickly turn into hundreds more.
How Much Does it Cost to Hire a Roach Exterminator?
The cost of roach extermination depends on the type of cockroach, level of the infestation, and the company you hire. The following is a general pricing guide to give you an idea of what you can expect to pay when hiring a roach exterminator.
- A one-time roach extermination visit with a 30-day guarantee has an average cost between $150 and $300. But you should not expect just one visit to take care of the issue.
- Severe infestations may require monthly visits, which have an average cost between $30 and $40 per month, on top of the one-time visit fee.
- Some services require you to sign an annual contract, which includes an initial inspection and treatment, as well as quarterly follow-up treatments. This has an average cost between $300 and $600 per year.
- Roach extermination for commercial buildings has an average cost between $500 and $1,000 per visit.
- There are DIY extermination methods available, also, though it is always better to hire a professional. Bait traps, foggers, and insecticides have an average cost between $5 and $15. Spray products have an average cost between $50 and $60 per gallon, though some cost as little as $20.
As with any type of pest control services, it is important to remember that the more severe the infestation, the higher the cost for removal.
How to Prevent Cockroaches
Many people don’t think about pest control until there is already a problem, but there are a number of steps you can take to prevent a roach invasion. Do your best to keep your home clean and free of clutter. Be sure to take out your trash regularly and rinse all bottles, cans, and plastics before recycling. Store dry foods in tightly sealed containers and avoid leaving food on counters and liquids in sinks.